As one of the most developed countries in Europe, Denmark is bathed by the Atlantic and bordered by Germany to the south. Its territory is extremely flat and comprises the Jutland peninsula as well as 406 islands among which are two external territories: the Faroe Islands and Greenland, which is considered the largest island in the world. The country’s main island, Zealand, is separated from Sweden by a strait whose banks shelter Copenhagen.
This Scandinavian nation has one of the highest Human Development Indexes (HDI) in the world, with an effective social security system and services of sanitation serving all residences of the country.
Despite importing a great part of the raw material used in production, the country has a great modernization in industrial activities, especially in the segments of electronics, shipbuilding and machinery. Interestingly, Denmark is a kingdom, ruled until 2018 by Queen Margaret II and Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen.
Despite cultural bonds with its Scandinavian and Schengen neighbours, Denmark has carved its own identity over the past few years, especially in the field of design and gastronomy. With environments that range from the modern to the classic and various cultural and entertainment activities, Denmark is high on the list of American travellers.
A complete trip to Denmark involves exploring the country’s beautiful scenery as well as its historical cities and their architecture. While in Copenhagen, a visit to the Nyhavn quay is a good way to feel the city’s past merge with the present. Alternatively, it is worth checking out the palaces of Amalienborg, Christianborg, Frederiksborg and the castle of Kronborg.
Denmark is well connected to other Schengen Countries, so travellers who enjoy the visa-waiver agreement can easily take a train or ferry to Sweden, Germany or Norway.
As the oldest Scandinavian EU member, Denmark joined the European Union in 1973 together with Ireland and the UK. In 1996, Denmark, Sweden, Iceland, Finland, and Norway signed an agreement to abolish internal European borders, and in 2001 Denmark becomes an official member of the Schengen Area.
From then onward, all EU citizens and other non-EU travellers who visited Denmark (Americans alike) no longer needed to present their national ID or passport when travelling to/from another Schengen country.
Since 2015, however, after the spark of terrorist attacks and immigration crisis in various Schengen Countries, Denmark announced it would reestablish border controls within Schengen territory. That is why the Danish government has been one of the advocates for creating new immigration policies that would improve internal security and fight illegal immigration.
As discussions for the implementation of the ETIAS proceed, Americans who plan to visit Denmark as of 2021 will most likely have to apply for a pre-travel authorization. Such procedure will also affect nationals of other 50 countries which are exempted of a Schengen visa – like Argentina, Japan, Australia, and the U.S.
Similarly to the Canadian ETA, the ETIAS will be an online and automatic authorization aimed at travellers above 18 years old. Once the application has been submitted and the processing fee paid, applicants should have to wait no longer than 72 hours for a response.
If accepted, the ETIAS will provide Americans to visit Denmark for tourism only and within a maximum of 90 days in any 180-day period. The authorization will be valid for 5 years, or until the designated American passport expires.